If it has been about a year since you began trying to become pregnant, or if you know, because of your personal situation, now is the time to begin treatment, your Fertility professionals will need to run tests to choose the treatment that best suits your circumstances.
Fertility professionals can go far beyond analysing each partner’s individual case. They also analyse family history as well as environmental factors, work conditions or personal habits that can affect fertility.
If there is no clear cause of a reduced fertility, they will begin by doing the basic tests. For women, apart from having the appropriate gynaecology examination (with cervical smear or mammogram, if relevant), they will request a series of specific tests:
If, on the other hand, a blockage in the fallopian tubes is suspected, or your Fertility professionals simply wish to rule that out, it is recommended doing:
If you are hoping to use your partner’s semen, a semen analysis and REM test should be taken to confirm the quality and survival of the sperm and to make an estimate of how it will perform during In Vitro Fertilisation. They will also need to have serology tests to rule out any infectious diseases.
If you have already undergone several treatments without becoming pregnant, a genetic sperm test may be recommended. A FISH and DNA fragmentation test will enable your Fertility professionals to assess his DNA chains to check if there are any problems with these which is preventing embryos from being fertilised or from developing.
These tests are the most common, but it will be your doctor who recommends the tests that will allow them to develop a suitable treatment plan specifically tailored to you.